Check and adjust your bow hold before picking up the violin
- Keep your thumb bent, with its tip securely located between the edges of leather grip and the frog
- Gently arch all fingers
- Pronate your forearm/wrist
- Press thumb upward and first finger downward to create bow pressure, for a rich tone and volume
- Let the second and third fingers drape across the stick
- Your pinky is the only finger that touches with its tip
Watch bow strokes in a mirror. Make sure you're playing with
straight yaw, using short strokes at the middle of the bow.
- Hinge at your elbow when bowing—avoid runner's arm (elbow moving fore and aft.)
- Hinge at shoulder at string crossings—using wing-flap motion
- Watch tone point in mirror—play closer to bridge on E, closer to fingerboard on G
- Watch yaw in mirror—bow should remain parallel to the bridge
- on short strokes you won't see much roll; on long strokes the bow is directly above the hair at the tip
- In lieu of watching in a mirror, watch the bow's shadow, or bow in the direction of a web camera observing the yaw and tone point on the computer monitor.
Single String — Warm-Up
— Medium Speed —
Once you have this exercise memorized, watch in a mirror to make sure you're bowing with straight yaw.
Add a little pressure to keep the tone point from drifting.
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